If you try to pass a timestamp to the datetime
fromtimestamp() method that is out of range, you will raise the ValueError: year is out of range. This error typically is a result of passing a timestamp in milliseconds, while the
fromtimestamp() method takes the timestamp in seconds.
You can solve this error by dividing the timestamp in milliseconds by 1000 to get the timestamp in seconds. For example,
from datetime import datetime timestamp_ms = 1657577891147 timestamp_sec = timestamp_ms / 1000 current_dt = datetime.fromtimestamp(timestamp_sec)
This tutorial will go through the error in detail and how to solve it with code examples.
Python ValueError: year is out of range
In Python, a value is information stored within a particular object. We will encounter a ValueError in Python when we use an operation or function that receives an argument with the right type but an inappropriate value.
An integer representing timestamp is a suitable type for the datetime.fromtimestamp() method, but expects values between the years 1970 and 2038 (at the time of writing this article). If we pass a timestamp outside of this range, the value is inappropriate, and the Python interpreter will raise the ValueError.
Let’s look at an example of trying to convert a timestamp to a datetime object. First, we will get the current time in milliseconds.
current_time_in_ms = 1657578261543
Next, we will attempt to pass this variable as the argument for the
datetime.fromtimestamp() method, to convert it into a datetime.
from datetime import datetime current_dt = datetime.fromtimestamp(current_time_in_ms) print(current_dt)
Let’s run the code to see what happens:
--------------------------------------------------------------------------- ValueError Traceback (most recent call last) Input In , in <cell line: 3>() 1 from datetime import datetime ----> 3 current_dt = datetime.fromtimestamp(current_time_in_ms) 5 print(current_dt) ValueError: year 54496 is out of range
The error occurs because we passed a timestamp value in milliseconds, whereas the
fromtimestamp() method expects the timestamp in seconds.
We can solve this error by dividing the timestamp value by 1000 to convert it to seconds.
Let’s look at the revised code:
from datetime import datetime current_time_in_ms = 1657578261543 current_time_in_s = current_time_in_ms / 1000 current_dt = datetime.fromtimestamp(current_time_in_s) print(current_dt)
Let’s run the code to get the result:
We successfully retrieved the local datetime corresponding to the timestamp in seconds.
Congratulations on reading to the end of this tutorial!
For further reading on Python ValueErrors, go to the article:
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