by Suf | Oct 10, 2022 | Programming, R, Tips

This error occurs when you try to import a dataset into R, and there is data missing in the file. You can solve this error by checking for special characters, ensuring that you have the correct number of headings, or by using the fill argument when reading the file....
by Suf | Oct 9, 2022 | Finance, Programming, Python, Tips

Implied volatility tells us the expected volatility of a stock over an option’s lifetime. Implied volatility is directly influenced by the supply and demand of the options and the market’s expectation of the direction of the price of the underlying...
by Suf | Sep 30, 2022 | C++, Finance, Programming, Python, R, Tips

Options Greeks are a set of quantities representing an option’s price sensitivity to its underlying parameters. Each of them measures a different dimension of the risk in an option position. They fall out elegantly from derivatives of the Black-Scholes options...
by Suf | Sep 29, 2022 | C++, Finance, Programming, Tips

The Black-Scholes or Black-Scholes-Merton model is a financial mathematical equation for pricing options contracts and other derivatives. Fischer Black and Myron Scholes published the formula in their 1973 paper “The Pricing of Options and Corporate...
by Suf | Sep 27, 2022 | Finance, Programming, Python, Tips

The Black-Scholes or Black-Scholes-Merton model is a financial mathematical equation for pricing options contracts and other derivatives. Fischer Black and Myron Scholes published the formula in their 1973 paper “The Pricing of Options and Corporate...