*If you attempt to call the remove() method on a NumPy array, you will raise the error AttributeError: ‘numpy.ndarray’ object has no attribute ‘remove’. The remove() method belongs to the List data type. This error typically occurs when trying to remove values from an array. You can solve this error by converting the array to a list using the ndarray method tolist()* or the built-in Python

`list()`

method.*This tutorial will go through the error and how to solve it with code examples.*

## Table of contents

## AttributeError: ‘numpy.ndarray’ object has no attribute ‘remove’

*AttributeError* occurs in a Python program when we try to access an attribute (method or property) that does not exist for a particular object. The remove method belongs to the `List`

data type, not `numpy.ndarray`

and removes a specified item from a list.

## Example

Consider the following example of a numpy array containing 20 random integers between 0 and 100.

import numpy as np arr = np.random.randint(0, 100, (20)) arr

array([22, 27, 97, 9, 50, 16, 0, 82, 79, 60, 13, 67, 39, 5, 92, 33, 97, 64, 55, 10])

We will attempt to remove the numbers in the array that are lower than 50. We will use a for loop to iterate over the elements and an if-statement to check each element.

for x in arr: if x < 50: arr.remove(x)

Let’s run the code to see what happens:

--------------------------------------------------------------------------- AttributeError Traceback (most recent call last) Input In [16], in <cell line: 1>() 1 for x in np.nditer(arr): 2 if x < 50: ----> 3 arr.remove(x) AttributeError: 'numpy.ndarray' object has no attribute 'remove'

The error occurs because we tried to call remove on the array. The remove method belongs to the List data type.

### Solution #1: Convert Ndarray to List

The first way we can solve this error is by converting the array to a list. We can use either `tolist()`

, which is a `numpy.ndarray`

method or `list()`

, which is a built-in Python method. Let’s look at the implementation of both:

#### Convert numpy.ndarray to list Using tolist()

lst = arr.tolist() lst

[22, 27, 97, 9, 50, 16, 0, 82, 79, 60, 13, 67, 39, 5, 92, 33, 97, 64, 55, 10]

#### Convert numpy.ndarray to list Using list()

lst = list(arr) lst

[22, 27, 97, 9, 50, 16, 0, 82, 79, 60, 13, 67, 39, 5, 92, 33, 97, 64, 55, 10]

Now that we have a list, we can use list comprehension to remove the elements lower than 50. List comprehension provides a concise way to create a new list based on the values of an existing list. Let’s look at the revised code:

lst = [i for i in lst if i > 50]

Let’s run the code to see the result:

[97, 82, 79, 60, 67, 92, 97, 64, 55]

We successfully removed the integers with values lower than 50. We can convert the list back to a `numpy.ndarray`

using the `numpy.array`

method, as follows:

new_arr = np.array(lst) new_arr

array([97, 82, 79, 60, 67, 92, 97, 64, 55])

### Solution #2: Use numpy.delete()

The second way to solve this error is to use `numpy.delete`

(). First, we need to get the indices of the values that satisfy the condition of being less than 50. We can find the indices by using the numpy.where() function as follows:

indices = np.where(arr<50) indices

(array([ 0, 1, 3, 5, 6, 10, 12, 13, 15, 19]),)

The indices variable is an array of indices for numbers smaller than 50 in the array. Next, we can use `numpy.delete`

. The function will delete each of the corresponding elements from the array, and we will assign the array to the variable `new_arr`

. Let’s look at the revised code:

new_arr = np.delete(arr, indices) new_arr

Let’s run the code to see the result:

array([97, 50, 82, 79, 60, 67, 92, 97, 64, 55])

We successfully removed the numbers from the array that were smaller than 50. Also, note that we did not have to convert back to an array as we used numpy methods, not list methods, to solve the error.

## Summary

Congratulations on reading to the end of this tutorial! If you encounter this error, you can get the indices of the values you want to remove using `numpy.where`

then use `numpy.delete`

to remove those values. Alternatively, you could convert the array to a list and use the remove method.

For further reading on AttributeErrors with `numpy.ndarray`

, go to the articles:

- How to Solve Python AttributeError: ‘numpy.ndarray’ object has no attribute ‘drop’
- How to Solve Python AttributeError: ‘numpy.ndarray’ object has no attribute ‘median’

Go to the online courses page on Python to learn more about coding in Python for data science and machine learning.

Have fun and happy researching!