## How to Calculate the Cartesian Product in Python

The Cartesian product of two sets A and B denoted A x B is the set of all possible ordered pairs (a, b), where a is in A and b is in B. We can get the Cartesian product between two lists saved as a 2D list in Python. This tutorial will go through different methods to...

## How-to Guide for Python Uppercase

In Python, we can use built-in functions to manipulate strings. For example, we may want to capitalize the first characters in a name for form entry. The upper() function is helpful for converting all case-based characters in a string to uppercase. We can use the...

## How to Calculate the Hamming Distance in Python

Hamming distance is a type of string metric for finding how similar two binary data strings are. If the strings are equal in length, Hamming distance determines the number of bit positions different between them. We can also describe Hamming distance as the minimum...

## How to Calculate Cosine Similarity in Python

Table of contentsWhat is Cosine Similarity?How to Calculate Cosine SimilarityCosine DistanceVisual Description of Cosine SimilarityNumerical Example of Cosine SimilarityPython Example of Cosine SimilarityDifferences Between Cosine and Jaccard SimilaritySoft Cosine...

## How to Calculate Jaccard Similarity in Python

Understanding the similarity between two objects is a universal problem. In machine learning, you can use similarity measures for various issues. These include object detection, classification and segmentation tasks in computer vision and similarity between text...