How to Order Bars in ggplot2 Bar Graph with R

This R tutorial will go through how to order bars in a ggplot2 bar chart with code examples. Table of contentsExampleSolution #1: Manually Order BarsSolution #2: Sort Bars in Descending OrderSolution #3: Sort Bars in Ascending OrderSummary Example Consider the...

How to do Matrix Multiplication in R

To perform element-by-element multiplication between two matrices X and Y, you must use the * operator as follows: X * Y If you want to perform matrix multiplication between two matrices X and Y, you must use the %*% operator as follows: X * Y This tutorial will go...

How to Calculate Jaccard Similarity in R

The Jaccard similarity compares two sets of data to determine how similar they are. The value of the Jaccard similarity can be between 0 and 1, where the close the number is to 1 the more similar the two sets of data are. This tutorial will go through how to calculate...

How to Calculate Cosine Similarity in R

This tutorial will go through how to calculate the cosine similarity in R for vectors and matrices with code examples. Table of contentsWhat is Cosine Similarity?Visual Description of Cosine SimilarityCosine Similarity Between Two Vectors in RCosine Similarity of a...

How to Count the Number of NA in R

This tutorial will go through counting the number of missing values or NAs in a data frame in R. Table of contentsExampleGet Airquality DataSolution #1: Use summarySolution #2: Use sum and is.naSolution #3: Use sum and is.na in FunctionSummary Example Let’s look...